This dialog is activated by selecting the command Non Linear Curve Fit... from the Analysis Menu. This command is active if a plot or a table window is selected. In the latter case, this command first creates a new plot window using the list of selected columns in the table.
This dialog is used to fit discrete data points with a mathematical function. The fitting is done by minimizing the least square difference between the data points and the Y values of the function.
The top of the dialog box is used to choose a function among the one which are already define. Four types of functions are availables: the user defined functions which have been saved, the classical functions proposed by SciDAVis in the analysis menu, the simple elementary built-in functions, and external functions via pluggins.
To choose one of these functions, you just have to select it and to click on the checkbox under the selector.
If you want to define your own function, you can use the bottom half of the dialog box. You can write you own mathematical expression or add expressions obtained with the function selector. Then you need to define the parameters which have to be fitted in a comma separated list.
Figure 5-31. The first step of the Non Linear Curve Fit... dialog box.
The second step is to define the parameters for the fit. You have to give initial guess for the fitting parameters.
Figure 5-32. The second step of the Non Linear Curve Fit... dialog box.
In this second tab you can also choose a weighting method for your fit (the default is No weighting). The available weighting methods are:
Instrumental: the values of the associated error bars are used as weighting coeficients. You must add Y-error bars to the analysed curve before performing the fit.
Statistical: the weighting coeficients are calculated as the square-roots of each data point in the fitted curve.
Arbitrary Dataset: you have the possibility to set the weighting coeficients using an arbitrary data set. The column used for the weighting must have a number of rows equal to the number of points in the fitted curve.
After the fit, the log window is opened to show the results of the fitting process.
Depending on the settings in the Custom Output tab, a function curve (option Uniform X Function) or a new table (if you choose the option Same X as Fitting Data) will be created for each fit. The new table includes all the X and Y values used to compute and to plot the fitted function and is hidden by default, but it can be found and viewed with the project explorer.